Although race is a social construct existing only as an idea in people’s mind racism is very much present. Arising from belief that one race is inherently superior to other races racism has had devastating consequences throughout history. While admitting that it is not easy to measure racism, Insider Monkey tried to discover which are the raciest cities in America. In order to do that, Insider Monkey determined the number of racially motivated hate crimes and segregation index in the most populous places in the United States.
In 2016 there were 6,063 single bias racially motivated incidents. Of these, 57.5% were racially motivated and African Americans were the most often targeted. At the same time the number of hate groups in America increased from 892 in 2015 to 917 in 2016. Besides hate crimes and hate groups, pronounced segregation is also a sign of racism in America. Racial segregation is can take many different forms and one of the most obvious is spatial division between people of different race. For instance, in cities listed on Insider Monkey’s ranking residents of the same race cluster together so there is clear division between white, black and Hispanic neighborhoods. A racial division in space is accompanied by socio-economic differences, which means that black poverty rate usually greatly exceed white poverty rates. Moreover African American household income is significantly lower than earnings of white families.
If you are interested to find out more about racism in America, read previously mentioned Insider Monkey’s article 16 Most Racist Cities in the United States in 2017. Insider Monkey provides number of racially motivated crimes, segregation index, black poverty rate and black household income for each city listed in the ranking.