So which are the countries that have the most AIDS cases in the world? It is always difficult to write about diseases but it is important. Insider Monkey recently published an article in which we can find lots of interesting facts about his topic. AIDS is a very frightening disease because researching about it includes definitions, basic facts, statistics and lots of personal stories as well. People who have AIDS wait for scientist and doctors to find the solution.
It is important to make difference between AIDS and HIV. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks human body and also is the syndrome or medical condition named AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) appears in the final stages of HIV infection. HIV can’t be transmitted from one person to another like the other viruses, it needs body fluids to infect, for instance: blood, semen, pre-seminal fluids, vaginal fluids, breast milk, or rectal fluids. This virus attacks cells named CD4, and they are very crucial when they fight against infections, the immune system immediately weakens and unable to struggle. There are treatments that can help the virus stagnate at certain stages, and perhaps it won’t turn into AIDS. According to global statistics there are 36.7 million people who suffer from AIDS throughout the whole world, and 1.8 million of children who are HIV positive. This number in America was 39,513 in 2015, but there was observed a decline of 19% from 2005 to 2014.
The most relevant data is provided by Central Intelligence Agency, although there database hasn’t been updated since 2014. In order to get the right information, Insider Monkey has consulted sites like WHO, and UNAIDS. We have picked three countries from their list now: The Central African Republic, Cameroon, and Kenya. In The Central African Republic the adult prevalence rate is 4.25%. About 300,000 people are estimated to be infected with HIV/AIDS in this country. The most vulnerable part of the population is the young ones between 15 and 35, and young women aged 15-24 are also regarded to be at a high risk. In 2003 there were 23,000 deaths related to AIDS here.In Cameroon the adult prevalence is 4.75%. It is estimated that about 620,000 people are infected with HIV/AIDS, and half of them are women. Regarding to children this number is 39,000. The most vulnerable group is teenager girls. In Kenya the adult prevalence is 5.30%. The number of HIV/AIDS infected people is around 1.6 million here. About 36,000 people die of AIDS in this country.
For any further interesting information, you should read Insider Monkey’s article about the countries that have the most AIDS cases in the world.